Sudanese People

The Sudanese people can be divided into several distinct people groups or tribes. Each of these peoples have a unique identity and traditions. During a visit in Sudan it is easy to notice that there are major differences in the characteristic of the people who they come from different areas of this vast country.
Ethnic groups in Sudan are: Arabs 70%, others being Arabized ethnic groups of Nubians, Copts, and Beja. Sudan has 597 tribes that speak over 400 different languages and dialects Sudanese Arabs are by far the largest ethnic group in Sudan, they are almost entirely Muslims; while the majority speak Sudanese Arabic; some other Arab tribes speak different Arabic dialects. Sudanese Arabs of Northern and Eastern parts descend primarily from migrants from the Arabian peninsula and some of the pre-existing indigenous populations of Sudan, most predominately the Nubian people who also share a common history with Egypt. Additionally, a few pre-Islamic Arabian tribes existed in Sudan from earlier migrations into the region from Western Arabia. The vast majority of Arab tribes in Sudan migrated into the Sudan in the 12th and 13th century, intermarried with the indigenous African populations and introduced Islam.
In common with much of the rest of the Arab world, the gradual process of Arabization in Sudan following these Arabian migrations after the 12th century led to the predominance of the Arabic language and aspects of Arab culture, leading to the shift among a majority of Sudanese today to an Arab ethnic identity.
Sudan consists of numerous other Arab tribes such as the Shaigya, Ja’alin, Shukria, Bedouins, Arakieen and many more, Johann Ludwig Burckhardt said that the true Ja’alin from the eastern desert of Sudan are exactly like the Bedouin of eastern Arabia.